Spanish Phonetics – Fonetica

Before You Start . . . . . a few hints about Spanish pronunciation Spanish Vowel Sounds

A like to “a” as in cat—map / casa—mamá—rata
E like “e” in net—pet / Argentina—pero—pelo
I like Ian—tea—me—he / María—si—mío—vino •
O like hot—frog—dog / no—yo—mono—doctor•
U like look—book / Uruguay—uno—turno—macanudo

Dipthongs • UE (as “u” sound in vowel)—puerta—nuestro—puesto
UI (guitar)—Guillermo—guitarra—guirnalda

Spanish Consonant Sounds
B and V have the same sound: vino blanco—vino ba
C in front of A, O and U has a hard pronunciation as in the English words: (car—cart—chocolate )—(K)—casa—chocolate—cama.
C in front of E and I vowels has a soft sound (as C in city) (S)cemento—ceremonia—censor—cielo
F ( sounds like F in father)—farmacia—feliz
G in front of A, O and U sounds like guy, guru, God. gato—gustar—ganancia—ganar
•G in front of E and I sounds like he—her—house gemelo—gitana—general—genocidio
G with the combination UE and UI has a soft sound like in guest—guitar guitarra— guinda—guerra
(notice the U vowel is silent: guitar—guitarra).
There are some cases when the U in the combination “GU+E” og “GU+I” is not silent. We must pronounce the U by recognizing 2 dots on top of the U. vergüenza—bilingüe
H—Silent sound when in the beginning of a word OR between two vowels.hola—hamaca—hacer—ahora—almohada
J—A strong sound like happy—hot—hungry José—Juan—jefe—jornada—joven
LL sounds like the English Y in “Yellow” (soft and strong sounds) llegar—lluvia—llanto—caballo—cuello—camello
N is an n with a ~ on top and it sounds like the English word Canyon—Onion caña—ñoqui—paño—muñeca—pañuelo
Q is allways followed by UE, UI or UIE que—quizás—quienes • R is soft between to vowels sounds like: around—aroma / pero—permiso—perdón
R has a strong sound in the beginning of a word as: in Richard—rain / rosa—rama—Roma
RR has a stroger sound than R. RR sounds like “R” in rice—rich—rest arriba—perro—desparramar—terraza—torrente
Y sounds like the English Y in Yes OR J in Joke yo—yoyo—ya—vaya—rayado—payaso

  • Quotes

  • Working with Lucila has been a huge help in preparing for my transfer to Puerto Rico. Her instruction style is very easy to follow. She mixes activities up to really work on reading, writing, speaking, and listening constantly. Her emphasis on verb tense has really improved my confidence in the language. Not only does she push me hard on learning the language, but she is also teaching me about the different customs and cultures among various Latin American countries. She often brings current events articles about Puerto Rico so that I can practice my reading and learn about the economy at the same time. She truly understands the value of not just the language but learning how to actually live and work in Latin America! Thanks so much! — Kern Woods

  • Your Quotes

  • Email:

  • Clients

  • Loading Quotes...

    About the Books

    Author Lucila Ortiz offers an easy Spanish reference guide for business's people; travelers and anyone that has the desire to learn the Spanish Language and Culture. Trade is one of the most enduring issues in the contemporary US-Latin America relations. To strengthen the development of this trade relationship, author Lucila Ortiz presents the Spanish Instructive Planner: Spanish for Beguiners, and A Primer for Spanish Language, Culture and Economics; an informative guide that helps English-speaking individuals grasp, manage, understand, and conduct business in Spanish, and for all travelers as well.


    Follow us: