About

Area: 21,069,501 km2 (8,134,980 sq mi) Population: 570 millones
Pop. density: 27 per sq km (70 per sq mile) Demonym: Latin American
Countries: 20 : Argentina; Bolivia; Chile; Costa Rica; Brazil; Colombia; Cuba; Dominica Republic; Ecuador; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Mexico; Nicaragua; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Puerto Rico; Uruguay; Venezuela.
Languages: Spanish, Portuguese, French Time Zones: UTC-2 to UTC-8
Largest cities: 1. Mexico City (Mexico) 6. Bogota (Colombia)

2. São Paulo (Brazil) 7. Santiago (Chile)

3. Buenos Aires (Argentina) 8. Belo Horizonte (Brazil)

4. Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) 9. Caracas (Venezuela)

5. Lima (Peru) 10. Guadalajara (Mexico)
Latin America (Spanish: América Latina or Latinoamérica; Portuguese: América Latina; French: Amérique Latine) is a region of the Americas where Romance languages (i.e., those derived from Latin) – particularly Spanish, Portuguese, and variably French – are primarily spoken.
Economy According to Sachs review of emerging economies, by 2050 the largest economies in the world will be as follows: China, USA, Mexico, India, and Brazil; Two of the largest five economies in the world are Latin American. More significant is that on per capita basis most Latin American countries, including all the large countries (Argentina, Mexico, Brazil, Chile, Peru, Venezuela and Colombia), have per capita GDPs greater than that of China in 2009, while some of this group are substantially more developed than China.
History The earliest known settlement was identified at Monte Verde, near Puerto Montt in Southern Chile. Its occupation dates to some 14,000 years ago and there is some disputed evidence of even earlier occupation. Over the course of millennia, people spread to all parts of the continents. The Chibchas of Colombia, the Quechuas and Aymaras of Bolivia and Perú were the three Indian groups that settled most permanently. The region was home to many indigenous peoples and advanced civilizations, including the Aztecs, Toltecs, Caribs, Tupi, Maya, and Inca. The Aztec empire was ultimately the most powerful civilization known throughout the Americas, until its downfall caused by the Spanish invasion.
Culture: Indigenous. Western civilization, in particular the culture of Europe,—the Spanish, Portuguese and French—between the 16th and 19th centuries. The most enduring European colonial influence is language and Roman Catholicism.. The influence of the United States is particularly strong in northern Latin America, especially Puerto Rico, which is a United States territory. South America experienced waves of immigration of Europeans, especially Italians and Germans. African cultures, whose presence derives from a long history of New World slavery. This is manifest for instance in dance and religion, especially in countries such as Brazil, Honduras, Puerto Rico, Venezuela, Panama, Haiti, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, and Cuba.
Crime and Violence– Crime and violence prevention and public security are now important issues for governments and citizens in Latin America and the Caribbean region. In 2005, violence was the main cause of death in Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela, El Salvador, Mexico and Honduras. They say that growing social inequality is fuelling crime in the region. Countries with relatively low crime are Argentina, Chile, Costa Rica and Uruguay.
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  • Working with Lucila has been a huge help in preparing for my transfer to Puerto Rico. Her instruction style is very easy to follow. She mixes activities up to really work on reading, writing, speaking, and listening constantly. Her emphasis on verb tense has really improved my confidence in the language. Not only does she push me hard on learning the language, but she is also teaching me about the different customs and cultures among various Latin American countries. She often brings current events articles about Puerto Rico so that I can practice my reading and learn about the economy at the same time. She truly understands the value of not just the language but learning how to actually live and work in Latin America! Thanks so much! — Kern Woods

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    About the Books


    Author Lucila Ortiz offers an easy Spanish reference guide for business's people; travelers and anyone that has the desire to learn the Spanish Language and Culture. Trade is one of the most enduring issues in the contemporary US-Latin America relations. To strengthen the development of this trade relationship, author Lucila Ortiz presents the Spanish Instructive Planner: Spanish for Beguiners, and A Primer for Spanish Language, Culture and Economics; an informative guide that helps English-speaking individuals grasp, manage, understand, and conduct business in Spanish, and for all travelers as well.


    XLIBRIS CORPORATION
    LUCILA ORTIZ
    AUTHOR

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